1800 BC (Circa)
|"Hymn to Ninkasi"|
The Reinheitsgebot, instituted in Bavaria, is a beer "purity law" that remains today in revised form. The original laws permits beer to be made only with barley, hops and water, later acknowledging yeast and permitting wheat.
Heinrich Knaust writes the first extensive book on brewing in Germany, describing in detail about 150 different beers. He calls the "noble Hamburg beer the queen of all other wheat beers."
A storage vat at the Horse Shoe Brewery in London containing more than 300,000 gallons of porter collapses, knocking down brewery walls and flooding immediate area. Eight people are killed, "by drowning, injury, poisoning by porter fumes, or drunkenness."
Prohibition, in the form of the 18th amendment, outlaws the sale of alcohol in the United States. Key dates to remember:
The 18th Amendment is ratified on January 16, 1919 and goes into effect January 16, 1920.
On March 23, 1933, President Franklin Roosevelt signs into law legislation permitting the sale of 3.2% a beer.
On December 5, 1933, the 21st Amendment repeals the 18th Amendment.
Because it is not practical to ship beer, the HMS Menestheus, a British mine-laying ship, is converted into a floating brewery to supply beer to British and Allied troops in the Asian theater during World War II.
Development of Cascade hops begins in Corvallis, Oregon, in 1956. The hop is released to brewers in 1972 and becomes a hallmark aroma and flavor for beer from American small-batch brewers.
Hilton Harvest House in Boulder, Colorado, hosts a modest 20 breweries serving only 35 beers for the first Great American Beer Festival. Today the annual event features more than 2,000 beers.
Jack McDougall of New Jersey wins the first US Beerdrinker of the Year competition sponsored by Wynkoop Brewing in Denver. McDougall is an original member of the Bar Tourists of America, a loosely organized group that held its first tour in 1978.
Smithsonian Magazine states: "The best beers in the world today are being made in the US."